William G. R. Crampton

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William Gareth Richard Crampton

  • Biology Department, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Floria, Fl, 32816-2368, U.S.A.
  • E-mail: crampton@mail.ucf.edu

Beschriebene Taxa


  • Crampton, W.G.R. 1996. The electric fish of the upper Amazon: ecology and signal diversity. Unpublished D.Phil. Dissertation, The University of Oxford, Oxford. 223p. Zitatseite 
  • Crampton, W.G.R. 1998. Electric signal design and habitat preferences in a species rich assemblage of gymnotiform fishes from the upper Amazon basin. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 70: 805-847. Zitatseite 
  • Crampton, W.G.R. 1998. Effects of anoxia on the distribution, respiratory strategies and electric signal diversity of gymnotiform fishes. Journal of Fish Biology, 53 (Suppl. A): 307-330. Zitatseite 
  • Crampton, W.G.R. 1999. Os peixes da Reserva Mamirauá: diversidade e história natural na planície alagável da Amazônia. Pp. 10–36 in: Queiroz, H.L. & Crampton, W.G.R. (Eds.): Estratégias para manejo de recursos pesqueiros em Mamirauá. Sociedade Civil Mamirauá, MCT-CNPq, Brasília. Zitatseite 


  • Albert, J.S. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2001. Five new species of Gymnotus (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes) from an Upper Amazon floodplain, with descriptions of electric organ discharges and ecology. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 12 (3): 241-266. Zitatseite 


  • Albert, J.S. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2003. Seven new species of the neotropical electric fish Gymnotus (Teleostei, Gymnotiformes) with a redescription of G. carapo (Linnaeus). Zootaxa, 287: 1-54. Zitatseite 
  • Albert, J.S. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2003. Family Hypopomidae (bluntnose knifefishes). Pp. 494-496 in:
  • Reis, R.E., Kullander, S.O. & Ferraris, Jr., C.J. 2003. Check List of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. CLOFFSCA. EDIPUCRS, Porto Alegre. 729pp. Zitatseite  Zitatseite 
  • Crampton, W.G.R. & Albert, J.S. 2003. Redescription of Gymnotus coropinae (Gymnotiformes, Gymnotidae), an often misidentified species of Neotropical electric fish, with notes on natural history and electris signals. Zootaxa, 348: 1-20. Zitatseite 
  • Crampton, W.G.R., Lovejoy, N.R. & Albert, J.S. 2003. Gymnotus ucamara: a new species of neotropical electric fish from the Peruvian Amazon (Ostariophysi: Gymnotidae), with notes on ecology and electric organ discharges. Zootaxa, 277: 1-18. Zitatseite 


  • Crampton, W.G.R. & Albert, J.S. 2004. Redescription of Gymnotus coatesi (Gymnotiformes, Gymnotidae): A Rare Species of Electric Fish from the Lowland Amazon Basin, with Descriptions of Osteology, Electric Signals, and Ecology. Copeia, 2004 (3): 525-533. Zitatseite 


  • Crampton, W.G.R. & Hopkins, C.D. 2005. Nesting and Paternal Care in the Weakly Electric Fish Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) with Descriptions of Larval and Adult Electric Organ Discharges of Two Species. Copeia, 2005 (1): 48-60.(doi) Zitatseite 
  • Crampton, W.G.R., Thorsen, D.H. & Albert, J.S. 2005. Three New Species from a Diverse, Sympatric Assemblage of the Electric Fish Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) in the Lowland Amazon Basin, with Notes on Ecology. Copeia, 2005 (1): 82-99. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Fernandes, F.M.C., Albert, J.S., Daniel-Silva, M.F.Z., Lopes, C.E., Crampton, W.G.R. & Almeida-Toledo, L.F. 2005. A new Gymnotus (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) from the Pantanal Matogrossense of Brazil and adjacent drainages: continued documentation of a cryptic fauna. Zootaxa, 933: 1-14. Zitatseite 
  • Hulen, K.G., Crampton, W.G.R. & Albert, J.S. 2005. Phylogenetic systematics and historical biogeography of the neotropical electric fish Sternopygus (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes). Systematics and Biodiversity, 3 (4): 407–432. (doi) Zitatseite 


  • Crampton, W.G.R. & Albert, J.S. 2006. Evolution of electric signal diversity in gymnotiform fishes. Phylogenetic systematics, ecology and biogeography. Pp. 647-696 u. 718-731 in: Ladich, F., Collin, S.P., Moller, P. & Kapoor, B.G. (eds): Communication in fishes. Enfield: Science Publishers. Zitatseite 
  • Santana, C.D. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2006. Sternarchorhynchus curumim (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae), a new species of tube-snouted ghost electric knifefish from the lowland Amazon basin, Brazil. Zootaxa, 1166: 57-68. Zitatseite 
  • Santana, C.D. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2006. Redescription of the ghost knifefish Apteronotus spurrellii from trans-Andean Colombia (Gymnotiformes:Apteronotidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 17 (2): 115-120. Zitatseite 


  • Cognato, D., Richer-de-Forges, M.M., Albert, J.S. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2008. Gymnotus chimarrao, a new species of electric fish (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) from Southern Brazil. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 18 (4)[2007]: 375–382. Zitatseite 
  • Crampton, W.G.R. 2007. Diversity and adaptation in deep channel Neotropical electric fishes. Pp.283-339 in: Sebert, P., Onyango, D.W. & Kapoor, B.G. (eds): Fish life in special environments. New Hampshire: Science Publishers, Inc. Zitatseite 
  • Milhomem, S.S.R., Pieczarka, J.C., Crampton, W.G.R., de Souza, A.C.P., Carvalho, J.R., Jr. & Nagamachi, C.Y. 2007. Differences in karyotype between two sympatric species of Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) from the eastern amazon of Brazil. Zootaxa, 1397: 55-62. (PDF) Zitatseite 
  • Santana, C.D. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2007. Revision of The Deep-channel Electric Fish Genus Sternarchogiton (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae). Copeia, 2007 (2): 387-402. Zitatseite  2007.


  • Crampton, W.G.R., Chapman, L.J. & Bell, J. 2008. Interspecific variation in gill size is correlated to ambient dissolved oxygen in the Amazonian electric fish Brachyhypopomus (Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes, 83 (2): 223-235. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Giora, J., Malabarba, L.R. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2008. Brachyhypopomus draco, a new sexually dimorphic species of Neotropical electric fish from southern South America (Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae). Neotropical Ichthyology, 6 (2): 159-168. (doi) Zitatseite 


  • Albert, J.S. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2009. A new species of electric knifefish, genus Compsaraia (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae) from the Amazon River, with extreme sexual dimorphism in snout and jaw length. Systematics and Biodiversity, 7 (1): 81-92. (doi) Zitatseite 



  • Crampton, W.G.R. 2011. An ecological perspective on diversity and distributions. Pp.165-189 in: Albert, J.S. & Reis, R. (eds): Historical biogeography of neotropical freshwater fishes. California: University of California Press. Zitatseite 






  • Craig, J.M., Crampton, W.G.R. & Albert, J.S. 2017. Revision of the polytypic electric fish Gymnotus carapo (Gymnotiformes, Teleostei), with descriptions of seven subspecies. Zootaxa, 4312 (3): 401-438. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Crampton, W.G.R., Santana, C.D., Waddell, J.C. & Lovejoy, N.R. 2017. A taxonomic revision of the Neotropical electric fish genus Brachyhypopomus (Ostariophysi: Gymnotiformes: Hypopomidae), with descriptions of 15 new species. Neotropical Ichthyology, 14 (4)[2016]: e150146. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Evans, K.M., Crampton, W.G.R. & Albert, J.S. 2017. Taxonomic revision of the deep channel electric fish genus Sternarchella (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae), with descriptions of two new species. Neotropical Ichthyology, 2: Epub June 12, 2017. (doi) Zitatseite 




  • Kim, L.Y., Crampton, W.G.R. & Albert, J.S. 2020. Two New Species of Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) from Brazil and Historical Biogeography of the Subgenus Lamontianus. Copeia, 108 (3): 468-484. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Waddell, J.C. & Crampton, W.G.R. 2020. Environmental correlates of circannual breeding periodicity in a multi-species assemblage of Amazonian electric fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes, [1–18]. First Online: 29 January 2020. (doi) Zitatseite 


  • Janzen, F.H., Crampton, W.G.R. & Lovejoy, N.R. 2022. A new taxonomist-curated reference library of DNA barcodes for Neotropical electric fish (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, zlac039. Published: 02 June 2022. (doi) Zitatseite