Thomas A. Munroe

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Thomas A. Munroe mit Peltorhamphus novaezeelandiae im Te Papa Museum in Wellington, Neusealand -- (C) Thomas A. Munroe

Thomas A. Munroe

  • National Systematics Laboratory, NMFS/NOAA, Post Office Box 37012, Smithsonian Institution, NHB, MRC-153, Washington, D.C. 20013-7012, U.S.A.
  • E-mail:

Beschriebene Taxa



  • Munroe, T.A. 1992. Interdigitation pattern of dorsal-fin pterygiophores and neural spines, an important diagnostic character for symphurine tonguefishes (Symphurus: Cynoglossidae: Pleuronectiformes). Bulletin of Marine Science, 50 (3): 357–403. Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. & Marsh, B.N. 1997. Taxonomic status of three nominal species of Indo-Pacific symphurine tonguefishes (Symphurus: Cynoglossidae: Pleuronectiformes). Ichthyological Research, 44 (2): 189-200. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A.,Wongratana, T. & Nizinski, M.S. 1999. Order Clupeiformes. Clupeidae. Herrings (also, sardines, sprat, pilchard, and menhades). Pp. 1775–1821 in:
  • Carpenter, K.E. & Niem. V.H. 1999. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). Rome, FAO, Rome. Zitatseite  Zitatseite 
  • Wongratana, T., Munroe, T.A. & Nizinski, M.S. 1999. Order Clupeiformes. Engraulidae. Anchovies. In: Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds): FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific, vol 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes pt 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome, pp 1698–1753. Zitatseite 


  • Munroe, T.A. & Nizinski, M.S. 2000. Clupeiformes. In:
  • Randall, J.E. & Lim, K.K.P. 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. No. 8: 569-667. (PDF) Zitatseite  Zitatseite 
  • Desoutter, M., Chapleau, F., Munroe, T.A., Chanet, B. & Beaunier, M. 2001. Catalogue critique des types de poissons du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (suite) Ordre des Pleuronectiformes. Cybium, 25 (4): 299–368. (PDF) Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. 2001. Soleidae, Soles. Pp. 3878–3889 in:
  • Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. 2001. Species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles, sea turtles, sea snakes and marine mammals. FAO, Rome. 6: iii-v; 3381-4218, Pls. I-XIX. Zitatseite  Zitatseite 
  • Nizinski, M.S. & Munroe, T.A. 2002. Engraulidae. Pp. 764-794 in:
  • Carpenter, K.E. (Ed.) 2002. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 1: Introduction, Mollusks, Crustaceans, Hagfishes, Sharks, Batoid fishes and Chimaeras. FAO, Rome. Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. 2003. Bothidae (Pp. 1885–1895), Scophthalmidae (Pp. 1896–1897), Paralichthyidae (Pp. 1898–1921), Poecilopsettidae (Pp. 1922–1923), Achiridae (Pp. 1925–1933), Cynoglossidae (Pp. 1934–1959). In:
  • Carpenter, K.E. (ed.): 2003. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae). FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes and American Society of Ichthyologist and Herpetologists Special Publication, No. 5. FAO, Rome. 3: i-vi + 1375-2127. Zitatseite  Zitatseite 
  • Hoshino, K. & Munroe, T.A. 2004. Neoetropus macrops Hildebrand and Schroeder, 1928: a reversed specimen and a junior synonym of Citharichthys arctifrons Goode, 1880 (Teleostei; Pleuronectiformes; Paralichthyidae). Copeia, 2004 (3): 583-591. (JSTOR) Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. & Menke, S.B. 2004. Two new soleid flatfishes (Pleuronectiformes: Soleidae: Soleichthys) from Australian waters, with a re-description of Soleichthys microcephalus (Günther). Records of the Australian Museum, 56 (2): 247-258. (Link) Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. 2006. New Western Indian Ocean Tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae, Symphurus). Copeia, 2006 (2): 230-234. Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. & Hashimoto, J. 2008. A new Western Pacific Tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae): The first pleuronectiform discovered at active hydrothermal vents. Zootaxa, 1839 (1): 43–59. (doi) Zitatseite 


  • Munroe, T.A., Tyler, J. & Tunnicliffe, V. 2011. Description and biological observations on a new species of deepwater symphurine tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae: Symphurus) collected at Volcano—19, Tonga Arc, West Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa, 3061 (1): 53–66. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Betancur-R, R., Li, C., Munroe, T.A., Ballesteros, J.A. & Ortí, G. 2013. Addressing Gene Tree Discordance and Non-Stationarity to Resolve a Multi-Locus Phylogeny of the Flatfishes (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes). Systematic Biology, 62: 763–785. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Lee, M.-Y., Munroe, T.A. & Shao, K.-T. 2014. Description of a new cryptic, shallow-water tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae: Symphurus) from the western North Pacific Ocean. Journal of Fish Biology, 85 (3): 563-585. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. 2015. Chapter 241 Family Rhombosoleidae. Pp. 1687–1702 in:
  • Roberts, C. D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds) 2015. The Fishes of New Zealand. Zitatseite  Zitatseite 
  • Lee, M.-Y., Munroe, T.A. & Kai, Y. 2016. Description of a new cryptic species of tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae: Symphurus) from shallow waters off Japan. Ichthyological Research, 64 (1)[2017]: 71–83. (First online: 11 July 2016). (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. 2016. Pristigasteridae and Clupeidae. Pp. 1719-1739 in:
  • Carpenter, K.E. & De Angelis, N. (eds) 2016. The living Marine Resources of the eastern Central Atlantic. Volume 3: Bony Fishes Part 1 (Elopiformes to Scorpaeniformes). FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. Rome: FAO. Zitatseite  Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. & Kong, X.-Y. 2016. Resolving uncertainties regarding the nomenclature and status of the tongue soles, Paraplagusia dollfusi Chabanaud, 1931 and "Cynoglossus (Trulla) dollfusi (Chabanaud, 1937)" (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 129: 10-23. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Wang, Z.-m., Munroe, T.A. & Kong, X.-y. 2016. A new species of tongue sole (Pisces: Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae: Cynoglossus) from coastal waters of the South China Sea. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 129(1): 129–143. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Vinnikov, K.A., Thomson, R.C. & Munroe, T.A. 2018. Revised Classification of the Righteye Flounders (Teleostei: Pleuronectidae) Based on Multilocus Phylogeny with Complete Taxon Sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 125: 147-162.(doi) Zitatseite 
  • Luo, H., Munroe, T.A. & Kong, X. 2019. Color pattern variation, nomenclatural appraisal, and re-description of Paraplagusia japonica (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 132 (1): 15-34. (doi) Zitatseite 


  • Lee, M.-Y. & Munroe, T.A. 2021. Unraveling cryptic diversity among shallow-water tonguefishes (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae: Symphurus) from the Indo-West Pacific region, with descriptions of five new species. Zootaxa, 5039 (1): 1-55. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. 2021. Systematic revision of the flatfish genus Peltorhamphus Günther, 1862 (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Rhombosoleidae), including description of a new species from Southeastern New Zealand, with biological and ecological summaries for the species. Zootaxa, 4905 (1): 1-104. (doi) Zitatseite 
  • Munroe, T.A. 2022. Family Cynoglossidae, Tonguefishes (Pp. 366-385, Pls. 96-98). In:
  • Heemstra, P.C., Heemstra, E., Ebert, D.A., Holleman, W. & Randall, J.E. (eds.) 2022. Coastal fishes of the western Indian Ocean. Volume 5. South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, Makhanda, South Africa: i, 1-487, i-xi, Pls. 1-129. Zitatseite  Zitatseite 
  • Luo, H.-R., Kong, X.-Y. & Munroe, T.A. 2023. Re-evaluation of the taxonomic status of four nominal, western Pacific species of tongue soles (Pleuronectoidei: Cynoglossidae: Cynoglossus), with redescription of C. joyneri Günther, 1878. Zootaxa, 5360 (3): 385-408. (doi) Zitatseite